The presence of parasites in the body leads to serious health consequences. These include the development of allergies, general exhaustion and decreased immune defenses, a state of hypovitaminosis and anemia, as well as disorders of the nervous system, neurosis, insomnia and poor appetite. Proper treatment against parasites, their larvae and eggs, as well as the use of drugs that will restore metabolic processes disrupted by the presence of uninvited guests in the body, can eliminate all these manifestations.
Getting rid of parasites: general principles
First of all, the treatment is aimed at the complete release of the body from worms and their larvae. If at least one parasite remains in the body, it can lead to re-infection. Only medicines are indispensable here and this is due to the fact that many parasites are transmitted through dirty hands. In this regard, even if the patient has taken a parasite medicine, but at the same time disregards the rules of personal hygiene and is in constant contact with the source of the parasite (humans or animals), rapid re-infection is possible.
Therefore, the treatment of parasites consists of two mandatory components:
- The use of antiparasitic agents to remove them from the body.
- Prevention of re-infection (personal hygiene, disinfection of the house, personal belongings and surfaces, treatment of all family members, pets).
In addition, there is often a need for additional therapy for these disorders, which the parasite causes from its presence in the body.
Treatment against parasites
The basis of therapy against parasites that are found in the body is the use of antiparasitic drugs. These drugs can affect both adults and their eggs and larvae. The choice of drugs against parasites should be made exclusively by the physician, after receiving the results of all necessary tests and assessment of the general condition of the patient. The self-administration of parasitic agents for both treatment and prevention of worms is prohibited and this is due to several factors. First, all drugs against parasites belong to a special group of chemotherapeutic agents, they have a powerful toxic effect on living organisms. And the human body is no exception. Improper dosing or selection of drugs can damage the liver or kidneys, while not harming the helminth at all.
Second, the doctor calculates the dose based on age and weight, using the anti-parasitic drug in a short course and the maximum allowable and safe dose.
Third, according to the results of the analysis, a means of protection against parasites has been chosen, which will be effective in this case, as different types of worms (as well as their larvae and eggs) die from different types of drugs.
Means of protection against parasites: classification of drugs
Drugs that affect parasites and their larval forms, eggs, are divided according to the effect on certain groups of worms into several classes.
The first group is an antiparasitic agent that affects a class of nematodes. They are divided into two subclasses:
- Drugs that are active against intestinal nematodes.
- Drugs that act on extra-intestinal nematodes.
The second group includes drugs that have a detrimental effect on the class of cestodes. They also fall into two subgroups:
- Drugs acting on intestinal parasites.
- Drugs leading to the destruction of cestodes outside the intestinal lumen.
The third group includes all those parasite drugs that act on methyl. They are also divided into subcategories:
- Drugs acting on intestinal parasites.
- Drugs that lead to the destruction of cestodes outside the intestinal lumen.
A special place is occupied by drugs from the fourth group, belonging to a wide range of action. This means that such an antiparasitic agent will be effective against most of the known helminths.
Adjunctive therapy: treatment of allergies, improving well-being
In addition to antiparasitic treatment, drugs are often used to improve the patient's condition, normalize well-being and have a tonic effect. In addition, due to the strong allergy of the body when infected with parasites, treatment of allergies with specific agents is indicated. Allergies occur in response to the penetration and reproduction of parasites foreign to the body, which can worsen during the mass death of parasites. Therefore, antihistamines are sometimes prescribed to prevent exacerbation of allergies in the treatment of helminthiasis.
To alleviate intoxication, eliminate waste products and antigens of parasites, especially if there is a pronounced allergy while taking anthelmintic drugs, the simultaneous use of antihistamines and sorbents is indicated. In addition, sorption and antiallergic therapy begin about three days before taking the main drug and continue for at least 5 days after it.
Often helminthiasis leads to disruption of the intestinal microbial flora and therefore it is recommended to actively use fermented dairy products, plant foods and a preventive course of probiotics to restore the normal biocenosis. During treatment, it is worth eliminating from the diet irritating, heavy foods, fatty foods and excess protein. The most useful will be soups and light vegetable stews, cereals and dairy products. It is important to consume plenty of fluids to actively remove toxins from the body.